AN APPLICATION OF THE SOCIAL COGNITIVE CAREER THEORY MODEL OF CAREER SELF-MANAGEMENT TO COLLEGE ATHLETES' CAREER PLANNING FOR LIFE AFTER SPORT

Drawing on the recently developed Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) model of Career Self-Management (CSM), we intended to determine the key predictors and underlying theoretical mechanisms of college athletes’ career planning processes in order to facilitate their transition to life after sport. Using a sample of 538 college athletes, we demonstrated satisfactory reliability and validity of our measurement model and reported the direct, indirect, and moderating relationships of the cognitive, contextual, and personality variables with career planning. The CSM model was found to be a useful theoretical framework to predict career planning with 63.9% of the variance in this process being explained by all predictors in the model. Therefore, this model can help both researchers and practitioners uncover facilitating (i.e., self-efficacy, career goals, conscientiousness, openness, and extraversion) and impeding (i.e., career barriers) factors of career planning processes for athletes.

Keywords: student-athletes, career planning for life after sport, Social Cognitive Career Theory, Career Self-Management model, adaptive career behaviors, sport career transition.

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